A global response to deadly air pollution, the world’s greenhouse gas emission targets, and energy poverty are just a few reasons the global green energy revolution has momentum. It’s the future of our planet.
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1.6 billion people, mostly in Africa and South Asia, still lack access to electricity, affecting the ability to meet basic human needs. Battery-based solutions could play a significant role in distributing renewables, which is part of the global strategy to address energy poverty.
All across the globe, countries and companies are shifting strategies to meet global needs for energy, stored in lithium-ion and cobalt-based batteries.
From the electric-vehicle movement, to energy storage systems, to our global population staying connected with modern technology, the need for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries and green energy continues to grow.
Amount of cobalt and lithium used in everyday items:
Tesla Model S
Other Electric Vehicles
Tesla Powerwall 2.0
Green Energy and The Demand for Cobalt
Fun Fact: Smartphones have a replacement life cycle of 2.12 years,
there are currently 2.53 billion smartphone users worldwide.
Amount of cobalt required for Apple products alone:
Grams of cobalt per device
Units sold annually
Apple’s annual requirement (metric tonne)
Power generated by these green energy resources requires large-scale storage.
In 2017, Tesla built a solar farm in Puerto Rico, bringing power back to the children’s hospital following the devastation of hurricane Maria.
Turbines gather rational energy and convert it into electricity, which is gathered and stored in power grids (containing both cobalt and lithium) and can be used at any given time, especially in an emergency situation.
The End of Internal Combustion Engines
Many leading governments, including China, India, France, Germany, and Britain, are moving quickly towards the removal of the internal combustion engine. China suggests it will eventually sell only electric and hybrid vehicles. Other nations have made even more concrete projections. The global movement is underway.
- 2025 – only electrified vehicles will be sold in the Netherlands
- 2030 – gas and fossil fuel vehicles will be extinct on German streets
- – only electric and hybrid vehicles will be sold in Norway and India
- – gas- and diesel-powered cars will be banned in Barcelona,
- Copenhagen, and Vancouver
- 2040 – petrol and diesel car sales will be banned in the UK and France
- – gasoline-powered cars will be banned in the State of California
- 2050 – the entire nation of France will be carbon neutral
The Emergence of Gigafactories
Tesla’s Gigafactories, gigantic multi-million square foot battery factories producing lithium-ion cells, have now paved the way for other companies to begin planning their own. Tesla’s Reno, Nevada gigafactory stretches 5.5 million square feet and they have shared intentions to produce at least 10, a greater commitment than the 2 in the US today, and 5 planned for Europe in the near future.
There are many other companies making, and needing great quantities of lithium-ion batteries.
Leading brands are taking responsibility for ethical production chains, starting with the location and extraction of resources, materials, and commodities. Corporations world-wide are encouraged to be responsible from the ground up.