Why Green Energy?

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A global response to deadly air pollution, the world’s greenhouse gas emission targets, and energy poverty are just a few reasons the global green energy revolution has momentum. It’s the future of our planet.

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Energy Poverty

1.6 billion people, mostly in Africa and South Asia, still lack access to electricity, affecting the ability to meet basic human needs. Battery-based solutions could play a significant role in distributing renewables, which is part of the global strategy to address energy poverty.

Global Demand

All across the globe, countries and companies are shifting strategies to meet global needs for energy, stored in lithium-ion and cobalt-based batteries.

global demand

Modern Uses

From the electric-vehicle movement, to energy storage systems, to our global population staying connected with modern technology, the need for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries and green energy continues to grow.

 

Amount of cobalt and lithium used in everyday items:

Cobalt

Lithium

Tesla Model S
4.5kg

51kg

Other Electric Vehicles
4-14kg

4-14 kg

Tesla Powerwall 2.0
10kg

7kg

Cobalt

Lithium

Laptop Batteries
30-50g

30-40g

Tablet Batteries
20-35g

20-30g

Smartphone Batteries
5-10g

2-3g

Green Energy and The Demand for Cobalt

CNN explains how the cobalt rush is driven by everyday life.

CNBC breaks down the cobalt industry, trends, production, demand, and supply.

CNN Money takes us inside Tesla’s Gigafactory plans and progress.

More Media

Fun Fact: Smartphones have a replacement life cycle of 2.12 years,
there are currently 2.53 billion smartphone users worldwide.

Amount of cobalt required for Apple products alone:

Grams of cobalt per device

Units sold annually

Apple’s annual requirement (metric tonne)

iPhone
8
250,000,000
2,000 tonnes
iPad
35
50,000,000
1,750 tonnes
Macbook
40
20,000,000
800 tonnes

Power generated by these green energy resources requires large-scale storage.

Solar Energy

In 2017, Tesla built a solar farm in Puerto Rico, bringing power back to the children’s hospital following the devastation of hurricane Maria.

Wind Energy

Turbines gather rational energy and convert it into electricity, which is gathered and stored in power grids (containing both cobalt and lithium) and can be used at any given time, especially in an emergency situation.

The End of Internal Combustion Engines

Many leading governments, including China, India, France, Germany, and Britain, are moving quickly towards the removal of the internal combustion engine. China suggests it will eventually sell only electric and hybrid vehicles. Other nations have made even more concrete projections. The global movement is underway.

  • 2025 – only electrified vehicles will be sold in the Netherlands
  • 2030 – gas and fossil fuel vehicles will be extinct on German streets
  •                – only electric and hybrid vehicles will be sold in Norway and India
  •                – gas- and diesel-powered cars will be banned in Barcelona, 
  •                Copenhagen, and Vancouver
  • 2040 – petrol and diesel car sales will be banned in the UK and France
  •                – gasoline-powered cars will be banned in the State of California
  • 2050 – the entire nation of France will be carbon neutral

The Emergence of Gigafactories

Tesla’s Gigafactories, gigantic multi-million square foot battery factories producing lithium-ion cells, have now paved the way for other companies to begin planning their own. Tesla’s Reno, Nevada gigafactory stretches 5.5 million square feet and they have shared intentions to produce at least 10, a greater commitment than the 2 in the US today, and 5 planned for Europe in the near future.

There are many other companies making, and needing great quantities of lithium-ion batteries.

Ethical Mining

Leading brands are taking responsibility for ethical production chains, starting with the location and extraction of resources, materials, and commodities. Corporations world-wide are encouraged to be responsible from the ground up.